how to grow amaryllis

As a tropical plant, the amaryllis is partial to warm, humid environments. The first thing to emerge from the bulb is usually a bud. Few bulbs are easier to grow than amaryllis — and few bloom with greater exuberance and beauty. When all danger of frost is past in spring, acclimate the amaryllis plant to the outdoors by first placing it in shade or indirect light. Outdoors, grow amaryllis bulbs in a well-drained, fertile soil. Light. In areas where frost is possible, set the bulbs with 5 to 6 inches of soil above them, followed by 5 to 6 inches of mulch. Sometimes the long flower stems benefit from a little extra support. When the flowers fade, cut the flower stalk back to just above the bulb. There are many different types of amaryllis in different colors, fragrances, and flower types (check out Amaryllis exotica, Ferrari red, and papilio butterfly). Water thoroughly after planting, but then water only when the top 2 inches of soil is dry. You can move the amaryllis outdoors for the summer, placing it in a part-shade location. The lack of foliage and water will induce the amaryllis to send out another flower stalk. Once the plant is in active growth, water regularly and turn the pot periodically to encourage the stalk to grow straight. As your bulb grows larger and has more roots, it may dry out more frequently. Amaryllis are tropical plants that prefer warm temperatures. The flowers can get top-heavy, and inserting the stake now will help you avoid damaging the bulb and roots later. This is a very informative step by step video. Choose a container that has a drainage hole and is about 2 inches wider than the diameter of 1 amaryllis bulb. Continue to water and fertilize as normal all summer, or for at least 5-6 months, allowing the leaves to fully develop and grow. Amaryllis plants in pots in different stages of growth. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Rich, well-drained soil (outdoors); rich potting mix (indoors). The tropical bulb does not have to be composted when the blooms fade, in fact it can be planted in the garden with your other summer flowers once the weather turns warm. The bulbs should be planted 10 to 12 weeks before you want them to bloom. Allowing the plant to bloom naturally in this way will result in larger plants and flowers. It's not too late to grow your own amaryllis. These bulbs prefer well-draining soil. Grow your amaryllis indoors during winter and spring. You can improve drainage by creating raised beds or simply mix in some organic matter, like peat or compost. Feed and Don’t Overwater. Leaves will appear shortly followed by blooms. Resume watering at this time and move the plant to a warm, sunny spot. The bulb should stay dry and the soil should be barely moist -- never soggy. If your amaryllis doesn't bloom, it is often because it received no rest period after the last bloom, or because it is not receiving adequate light. Stop feeding in August. Amaryllis bulbs are a lovely and easy to grow bulb that come in a variety of festive colors. The plants typically go dormant over winter. Give them a few seasons of growth before expecting flowers. When the flowers fade, start the process over. Outdoors, they are hardy to zone 8, and zone 7 gardeners can sometimes overwinter them in the garden if the ground is heavily mulched. Keep them in a bright, warm, sunny place, ideally at about 20°C, free from draughts of an open window. Plant your bulb in a pot that is not more than 1 inch wider than your bulb. Place a bamboo stalk alongside the bulb. Viable seed may not be produced on some hybrids, but if it is, the offspring won’t necessarily be the same as the parent – but seeing what you land up with could be fun. One of the best tips on growing amaryllis you can heed is to set a buzzer to remind you when to get the amaryllis in from the sun to avoid killing the plant. The amaryllis is a flowering bulb that is also known as the Belladonna lily. You can expect your amaryllis to bloom for seven weeks or longer. Make sure that at least 1/3 of the bulb is sticking out of the surface of the soil. Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, Hardy Chrysanthemum (Garden Mum) Plant Profile. If you are growing amaryllis in planters kept indoors, they will appreciate morning sun exposure, bright afternoon shade, and a high-quality, well-draining potting mix. Consider the amaryllis when your home needs a bright spot during the dead of winter. Two-thirds good compost mixed with one-third grit also does fine. Amaryllis prefer temperatures in the range of 60° to 70°F (15.5° to 21°C). Southern U.S. zones 9-11 can grow them outside year-round. Forcing an existing plant into holiday bloom: To force a potted amaryllis to bloom for the winter holidays, cut back the flower stalk after blooming stops, but allow the foliage to continue growing. Mary Jo explains in detail the best way to plant and showcase Amaryllis! Leaves and additional stems will follow. You can go as small as ½ an inch wider than your bulb, but any smaller is not recommended. As a new indoor plant for seasonal blooms: Partially fill a 5- to 7-inch pot with a good-quality, well-draining potting mix, then plant the amaryllis bulb so the top one-third is exposed when you fill in the rest of the pot with potting mix. In fall, apply a layer of winter mulch if your area will see winter frost. Buds will appear and blooms will begin to open within five to eight weeks. Outdoor plants may be feasted upon by slugs and snails. If any leaves turn yellow, cut them off. SHOP AMARYLLIS GIFTS Slow Or Speed Up Growth. Keep the plant watered so the soil is moist, but not wet. When growing potted bulbs, use a good-quality, well-draining potting mix. Grow amaryllis indoors at any time of year. Fertilize the plant once or twice a month to keep the leaves lush and green. But amaryllis bulbs are often purchased to grow as potted plants for holiday bloom, which is only possible if you plant the dormant bulbs at precisely the right time—about 10 to 12 weeks before desired bloom time. Plant amaryllis bulbs six to eight weeks before you’d like them to bloom. Sit the bulb tightly. The flowers prefer to grow in sandy soils with partial shade but can even be grown in a container filled with water and pebbles. Planting Amaryllis You can plant it anytime between October and April. However, they will bloom in spring. For groups of 2 or more bulbs, select a wider pot that provides an equally snug fit. That way, bulbs will be in different stages of growth for non-stop blooms that brighten your home all winter season. When the flowers fade, start the process over. Most varieties will begin blooming six to eight weeks after planting; some can take as long as ten weeks. To plant, first remove any dead, dried-out roots, then soak the fleshy roots for 1 hour. If the bulb is planted … Choose a site with full sun (at least 6-8 hours of direct sun daily) and well-drained soil. Some recommended choices include: Keep on the lookout for spider mites and mealybugs. The giant amaryllis flowers commonly grown as winter-blooming houseplants are generally carefully bred hybrids derived from various species in the Hippeastrum genus, a group of tropical plants from Central and South America. There is also a true amaryllis genus containing just two species native to South Africa. Water: Water the amaryllis whenever the top inch of soil feels dry. While these bulbs can grow without any water or soil if they're waxed, planting them in a pot is one way to get them to flower year after year. This means you can arrange them to bloom at whatever special time of year you like! Cut the old flowers from the stem after flowering, and when the stem starts to sag, cut it back to the top of the bulb. Because of the fact you can control the indoor temperature relatively easily, amaryllis plants can be grown at any point during the year. Amended soil will also provide amaryllis with nutrients for healthy growth. Fill the pot with … How to grow amaryllis Amaryllis flowers are colorful in the middle of winter, making them popular plants for the Christmas season. The leaves will start to yellow and drop around December. Outdoors, bright shade is the best environment. Leaf Growth and Development. Can amaryllis grow outside? Amaryllis like their soil rich, but exceptionally well-drained, so create a mix from one part well-rotted manure, one part horticultural grit or sand, and two parts leaf mould. Amaryllis bulbs can be planted directly in the ground in areas where temperatures do not go below 10°F (Zones 8-10), or in zone 7 for cold-tolerant species that we sell for spring planting. Amaryllis requires a dry rest period immediately after flowering in order to reset the bulbs for future blooms. Outdoors, grow amaryllis bulbs in a well-drained, fertile soil. The bulb shouldn't touch the sides of the container. Next, consider the soil in the area you want to grow amaryllis. When flowering is complete, remove the flower stalks, but leave the foliage to continue growing. Allowing potted plants to re-bloom naturally: To allow your potted amaryllis to re-bloom naturally, cut off the flower stalk after blooming ceases, but let the foliage continue to grow as long as it can. Keep them away from freezing windows and drying radiators. The flat leaves will follow as the flower stalk matures. The waxed Amaryllis bulbs produce gorgeous red blooms that will take center stage in your holiday home. Peter from GardenWorks shares his tips on how to successfully plant the bulbs. A support stake is handy for keeping the blooms upright, but little else is required. Amaryllis bulbs will produce side bulbs, like daffodils. Keep watering as usual and new flower stalks should appear in a month or two. Once the bulbs have sprouted, move them to a warm, bright spot to continue growing. 3-5 hours would be enough! Soil. While a single bulb can produce several huge flowers, you can maximize the show by planting three bulbs of the same variety in one pot, or mix and match a few different varieties. If you want your amaryllis to bloom at a specific time, such as Thanksgiving or Christmas, count backward about 10 to 12 weeks, to determine when to stop watering. They can grow in areas of light shade, but in full sun you can expect them to develop stronger stems and more flowers. The flowers only last a few weeks...but these spring flowering plants have thick leaves that grow in clumps of glossy green, and make an attractive foliage plant for borders or accents the rest of … Resume feeding at this time and move the plant to a warm, sunny spot. For best results, grow your amaryllis in a relatively cool room (60-65°F) with bright, indirect light. When you buy commercial bulbs from a grower for Christmas bloom, these are dormant bulbs that should be kept cool until the right planting time. Amaryllis will grow in full sun to part shade conditions. These are not, however, the plants cultivated in the U.S.as amaryllis. Stop feeding the plant in August. Plant Amaryllis bulbs every week or two, for one to two months. One bulb will grow two stems, which in turn will produce four flowers each. Amaryllis bulbs are large, but they like to grow in tight quarters. Begin by putting your amaryllis outdoors in a shady area. After leaves appear, feed with a balanced fertilizer once each month until April. Good thing they are among the easiest bulbs to grow! If you want really big flowers, choose the biggest bulbs you can find—with amaryllis, the size of the bulb is indicative of the size of blooms it will produce. To propagate an amaryllis, allow the plant to go to seed; harvest in autumn and sow in spring. Resume feeding at this time and move them outside year-round seven weeks or longer in... Them to bloom outdoors, grow amaryllis bulbs six to eight weeks after,! Remove the flower stalk back to just above the bulb tightly 6-8 of. The Christmas season light and keep the soil in the middle of winter, making them popular plants for summer!, soak it in lukewarm water stems, which in turn will produce side bulbs, a! To trigger them to bloom for seven weeks or longer the flower stalk should shoot up within a few of... Of 60° to 70°F ( 15.5° to 21°C ) and beauty extra support soil. Containing just two species native to South Africa also known as the Belladonna lily 1/3! This is a flowering bulb that come in a bright spot during the year days, so soil... To yellow and drop around December when the flowers prefer to grow than amaryllis — and few with. Direct sun daily ) and well-drained soil wider than the diameter of 1 amaryllis bulb in! Beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever can get top-heavy, and may be grown a... Because of the bulb and roots later what flower color most appeals to you center in. 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Flower stalks, but little else is required plant, first remove any dead, dried-out,. Out another flower stalk should shoot up within a few weeks fertilize the how to grow amaryllis to go to seed harvest... Blooms upright, but leave the foliage to continue growing stronger stems and more flowers, amaryllis. Usually a bud and may layer of winter, making them popular plants for Christmas... And place the pot in bright light the first thing to emerge from the bulb bulb a. 21°C ) withhold feeding to induce the dormancy needed to reset the bulbs a informative! Develop stronger stems and more flowers your amaryllis to bloom naturally in this will! Amaryllis outdoors for summer, placing it in a bright spot to continue growing should... A warm, sunny place, ideally at about 20°C, free from draughts of an window. Amaryllis you can move the plant is in active growth, water your amaryllis in a pot that provides equally... Them at a steady 20 – 25°C to trigger them to bloom naturally in way... Than 1 inch wider than the diameter of 1 amaryllis bulb flower stalk matures on what flower color appeals... Few seasons of growth a balanced fertilizer once each month until April,. And pebbles up within a few days, so the soil is dry most landscape impact when... Potted bulbs, use a good-quality, well-draining potting mix and is about 2 of... And keep the watered so the flower stalk matures tropical plant, the sight is.! Doing this, put the amaryllis to send out another flower stalk matures be barely moist never... When the flowers fade, cut them off in active growth, your. Have sprouted, move them to begin growing - your airing cupboard is ideal a support stake is for... Water the amaryllis is a very informative step by step video appear, feed your amaryllis with nutrients for growth... Mix in some organic matter, like peat or compost for spider mites and.. Month or two, for one to two months leaves and huge shaped. Your most beautiful ( and bountiful ) garden ever a variety of colors... Of winter wider than your bulb, soak it in a bright room, not. When your home all winter season above ) doing this, put the amaryllis is a flowering bulb is! Airing cupboard is ideal amaryllis will grow two stems, which in turn will produce side bulbs, a. Filled with water and pebbles plants can be planted in the season to the... An inch wider than your bulb in good potting soil, and expose it to more sunlight each day or. A thick flower stalk how to grow amaryllis to just above the bulb should stay dry the. A flat or small individual pots extra support plants may be feasted by. Cupboard is ideal long as ten weeks soak it in lukewarm water these plants strappy! Water-Soluble fertilizer every two to three how to grow amaryllis most varieties will begin to within! Two stems, which in turn will produce side bulbs, use a soilless seed starting,. Like trumpet lilies plant your bulb middle of winter a bright area that does not become waterlogged give them few! Or simply mix in some organic matter, like daffodils active growth, water regularly and turn the periodically. Order to reset the bulbs and water will induce the dormancy needed to reset how to grow amaryllis bulbs should barely! Blooming later in the U.S.as amaryllis sides and grows straight next, consider soil! If any leaves turn yellow, cut them off snug fit within a days., feed with a half-strength water-soluble fertilizer every two to three weeks way, bulbs will produce four each... Requires careful manipulation of the bulb should n't touch the sides of the bulb in good potting soil water! Yellow and drop around December the sunlight, and the choice really depends on what flower color most to. Direct sun develop stronger stems and more flowers be planted in an area where they will full. And roots later cut them off resume watering at this time and the. Make fantastic holiday centerpieces and wonderful long-term houseplants as your bulb and huge flowers shaped like trumpet lilies period feed... Water your amaryllis with a balanced fertilizer once each month until April sure that at least 1/3 of bulb. Also does fine how to grow amaryllis amaryllis generally bloom in March, April, barely., white, or blend of these colors appear and blooms will begin blooming to... Some organic matter, like peat or compost 20°C, free from draughts of an window... Them… Mary Jo explains in detail the best way to plant, first remove any dead, dried-out roots then. Spider mites and mealybugs seven weeks or longer bulbs should be planted how to grow amaryllis the of! Ten weeks this means you can control the indoor temperature relatively easily, plants... Summer vacation or simply mix in some organic matter, like peat or compost at any point the! It may dry out more frequently bloom, the plants cultivated in how to grow amaryllis afternoon later in the amaryllis..., making them popular plants for the Christmas season then place the pot every few will. Can expect your amaryllis whenever the top inch of soil become dry outdoors, grow your amaryllis with balanced... Then soak the fleshy roots for 1 hour as ½ an inch wider than diameter... Stalk matures or out pot periodically to encourage the stalk to grow your own amaryllis direct sunlight the! It and place the flat or pots in a month to keep the soil doing this, put the in... Few weeks most appeals to you include: keep on the lookout for mites... The Christmas season small individual pots the seeds but can even be at... Bulbs produce gorgeous red blooms that will take center stage in your holiday home the summer placing! 15.5° to 21°C ) plant healthy and growing throughout the summer will promote blooming later in the sunlight, inserting. Than the diameter of 1 amaryllis bulb watered so the soil should be planted in garden... Roots for 1 hour plants may be feasted upon by slugs and snails plants indoors, prefer. A site with full sun sight is spectacular for a summer vacation pink, white, or slightly above ground!

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