banana varieties in tamil nadu

Wet lands It is highly susceptible to bunchy top, fusarium wilt and nematodes. Fruit attachment to the pedicel is not as strong as in Virupakshi. AREA (‘000 ha.) The Nanjangud rasabale, which has unique characteristics, is identified by its distinct aroma when it ripens fully. It is tolerant to leaf spot disease but susceptible to Fusarium wilt, nematodes banana bract mosaic virus. Male flowers without stamens are also used as a popular dish. Highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Virus (BBMV), nematodes and The banana that retains its green color even after ripening, it comes from a dwarf variety of banana plants. If interested please contact me directly at 75985 35368 or 94862 69551. Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. It is cultivated in India in an area of 830.5 thousand ha and total production is around 29,779.91 thousand tons. Banana has great socio-economic and religious significance. An oblique hole at 45° angle is made to a depth of 10 cm. Spray any one of the following fungicides commencing from November at monthly interval. Fruits remain as starchy even on ripening.Â. The spray may be directed towards crown and pseudostem base upto ground level at 21 days interval atleast thrice. Many varieties of Kathali are grown in Kerala. Banana is the common name for herbaceous plants of the genus Musa and for the fruit they produce. All parts of the banana plant have medicinal applications: the … Remove outer sheaths to keep the corm inside the soil and ward off borer. Plants - tall, 4.5 to 5.0m height. Fruits - medium size, cylindrical, somewhat 5 cornered non prominent ridges, pedicel long and tough; thin skin which peels off easily, pulp - yellowish, juicy, tasty. Select sword suckers of 1.5 to 2.0 kg weight which are free from diseases and nematodes. The average bunch weight with 6-7 hands and with about 13 fruits per hand is about 15 - 25 kg. Red Banana: Found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and some other regions. Pulp - firm, cream coloured, core conspicuous, medium taste. Cooking bananas are banana cultivars in the genus Musa whose fruits are generally used in cooking. Lady Finger banana (Sugar banana) Pisang jari buaya (Crocodile fingers banana) Señorita banana (Monkoy, Arnibal banana, Cuarenta dias, Cariñosa, Pisang Empat Puluh Hari, Pisang Lampung) Sinwobogi banana; AAA Group. ! The best time for planting in Tissue banana are Throughout the year (except when temperature is too low or too high).          Â, Grand naine is the best variety grown well in Tissue Banana.      Â. The banana is exported from India to other countries. Plant tall and vigorous. Varieties Poovan, Robusta, Moongil  show resistance. The technology development in agriculture is very fast, it results in developing a Tissue Culture Technique. Fruit is highly fragrant, tasty, powdery and firm. Fruits are short, stout and have no knob. The best time for planting in Irrigated crop is August to September. Crop duration 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. It is a high yielding and produces bunch of large size with well developed fruits. 4. It is also sweetest among Indian bananas. It is also called as Poovilla Konnai in Pollachi areas and Ayiranka Poovan in Tirchur. Varieties: Following are the major banana varieties grown in India. It’s a sweet variety of banana, and the cheapest of all forms of banana. Banana grows at an altitude of 1200 meters from sea level in a warm and humid climate. Susceptible to leaf spot, corm weevil, rhizome rot and mosaic diseases. Fruits - small to medium, prominently ridged, skin - thick, leathery, greenish yellow and turning black when over ripe, peels easily. The variety Boldles Altafort is recommended for       high range region (ad hoc). It has the characteristic flavor only when they are cultivated in higher elevation. There are fuzzy bananas whose skins are bubblegum pink; green-and-white striped bananas with pulp the color of orange sherbet; bananas that, when cooked, taste like strawberries. 9. Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1% or chlorothaloail 0.2% or Carbendazim 0.1%. TR4 strain in India is also different from the strain damaging plantations elsewhere in the world. Culinary varieties like Monthan, Batheesa, Kanchekela, Nendrapadathy are the best varieties grown well in Rain fed crop, The best time for planting in karnataka is by the end of the june. Banana is available all round the year, is affordable, nutritious, tasty and also has medicinal value, which makes it one of the most demanding fruit. Carbendazim 1 g/lit., Benomyl 1 g/lit., Mancozeb 2 g/lit., Copper oxychloride 2.5 g/lit., Ziram 2 ml/lit. Peel - thick, tough, peels easily, dark green turning orange yellow when ripe. It has a remarkable early rationing ability completing four crops in three years. It is a sturdy plant and somewhat cold tolerant. It is a popular variety in Tamil Nadu especially for its cooling effects in hot tracts in summer. Alternatively, dilute 54 ml of Monocrotophos 36 WSC with 350 ml of water and inject 4 ml (2 ml at 45 cm from the ground level another 2 ml 150 cm from the ground level) in the pseudostem at monthly interval from 5th to 8th month. Robusta: Robusta is high yielding banana variety with large size. Namaran,Ladan,Manoranjitham Sirumalai and Virupakshi are the best varieties grown well in Hill Banana. Alternatively, dip the corm with 0.75% Monocrotophos, shade dry for atleast 24 hours and plant. Panama Disease Different varieties of bananas in terms … Rasam - here refers to the sweetness. Plant tall (4 to 4.5m height), stem - yellowish green with brownish blotches, reddish margins of petiole and leaf sheath. Ney poovan is the unique diploid assuming commercial monoclonal cultivation on a large scale especially in Karnataka. Following is a table stating how much each state contributes to the overall production of banana in the country. State Production (Tons) Tamil Nadu 5136.2 Gujarat 4523.49 Maharashtra 3600 Andhra Pradesh 3242.7 Karnataka 2529.6 Bihar 1702.412 Madhya Pradesh … Poovan: It is a leading banana crop that is grown commercially throughout the country. Spray Methyl demeton 20 EC @ 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 36 WSC @ 1 ml/lit or Phosphamidon 40 SL @ 2ml/lit. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. It is well suited as an intercrop in coconut/arecanut garden. Immune to Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV) diseases, salt tolerance and normal bunch mass even under marginal condition. The plant stature is Dwarf making it less prone to wind damage. Similar to Jnali... Poovan … Ney Poovan is a slender plant bearing bunches of 15-30 kg after 12-14 months. Alternation of fungicides for every spray prevents fungicidal resistance. It is highly susceptible to banana bract mosaic virus and Fusarium wilt disease. In order to preserve these hill banana varieties and also to preserve the interest of the farmers, the Tamil Nadu Hill Banana Growers' Federation was formed. Bunch 8-9 compact hands, 13-14 fingers per hand, 100 to 120 fruits per bunch. It is highly susceptible to Banana Mosaic Virus(BBMV) and Banana Streak Virus (BSV) which causes reduction in yield. Vayal vazhai of Tanjore, Mey Vannan of Kongad, Naattu vazhai of Pannaikkadu. Plant has distinct pink colouration in pseudostem. It is a Pome hybrid developed from the combination of SH-3142 x Dwarf Prata in Honduras. Peel - thick, tough, peels with difficulty, dark green turning straw yellow. Hill Banana Main banana growing states are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Each bunch of fruit has 7-9 hands weighing 11-17 lbs. It is a widely distributed variety  in all banana growing areas of Karnataka. Maintain two bearing plants and two followers per clump along the contour. It is one of the most important banana varieties in Philippine cuisine. Fruits - large, long, thick, peel - thick and leathery, golden yellow, peels with difficulty. Nendhran Banana can be supply all over Tamil Nadu on daily market price. Accessed 21 Mar. One deep digging may be given during January – February. 2.Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). Enjoyed as a snack or used to make sweet delicacies, the fruit is slightly acidic, firm and has a typical sour-sweet aroma. Performs well even in complete shade suited for planting in coconut grooves. Nendran is a dual purpose variety used for dessert and culinary. Each bunch will be having 10 to 12 hands with 175 to 225 fruits. Spray Phosphamidon 1 ml/lit or Methyl Demeton 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 1 ml/lit to control it. Spray copper oxychloride 0.25% or Bordeaux mixture 1%. Kappa pazham is the reddish variety more costlier than the other ones. Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. “In Theni district of Tamil Nadu, we found G9 being infected by Race 1. It is a leading commercial cultivar grown throughout the country with location specific ecotypes. Post harvest dipping of fruits in Carbendazim 400 ppm, or Benomyl 1000 ppm. Banana is an important fruit crop of many tropical and subtropical regions of India. It has a white pulp which is sweet when ripe although very starchy. The fertigation technique must be followed for maximizing the productivity. Areas in Tamil Nadu where banana is prominently cultivated are Theni, Trichy, Erode, Thoothukudi, Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Thanjavur and Dindigul. Bunch has five to seven hands and the Fruits are yellowish green throughout their development, but turn pale yellow to golden yellow after ripening. Premium variety grown in the lower Palani hills of Kodaikanal range in Tamil Nadu. In India, banana is very popular fruit so all the people both the rich and the poor were consumed banana. Major Markets in Tamil Nadu: Trichy, Coimbatore, Theni : Preferred Varieties and Hybrids : Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli : Grade Specification : The hands are graded based on the number and size of … Fruits are angular, thick skinned and are loosely arranged on the female axis. Pulp - soft, juicy, yellow, acid-sweet taste, good flavour. Nendhran Banana can be supply all over Tamil Nadu on daily market price. Kela / - the Hindi word too came from the Tamil word Kathali. But poor keeping quality and the fruits fall off bunches. ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. Attractive yellowish green colour at maturity. 2 – 4 ploughings are required before planting. Medium sized bunch, closely packed fruits, good keeping quality and resistant to fruit cracking is its plus points. Flood fallowing the infected fields. It is grown under the shade of arecanut gardens in the South Kanara districts of Karanataka. Dark green fruits turn golden yellow with a very good keeping quality. One deep spade digging is essential. TIRUCHI Scientific Advisory Committee of KVK Sirugamani, at its meeting here on Thursday, mooted proposals for enhancing productivity of farmers by way of choosing crop varieties suiting the local con Tamil Nadu is the leading... 3. Plant – medium sized, stem dark purple with greenish tinge. Plant resembles that of red banana with red coloured pseudostem, petiole and The popular varieties of bananas suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi, Sirumalai and Namarai. This variety is mediumsized with slender yellowish green pseudostem and can be recognised by the reddish petiole margin, large fruits, very thin and papery rind and white firm flesh that is very sweet. Fruits turn yellowish green upon ripening with cream coloured pulp having Robusta is highly susceptible to Sigatoka leaf spot disease in humid tropics. Removal of infected trees and application of lime @1-2 Kg/pit. Tamil Nadu. From the tall Assam Plantain to the short ‘Jahanji’, Vinod’s farm is home to over 430 varieties of bananas today. Remove outer sheaths to keep the corm inside the soil and ward off borer. These bananas in bright yellow color with very sweet taste. The characteristic feature of this variety is a ‘beak,’ which is visible when the fruits are mature. It is a medium tall variety and the Fruit is very tasty with a good aroma. Paring and pralinage: Pare the corm and sprinkle 40 g of Carbofuran 3 G over the Corm (Before sprinkling, corm should be dipped in mud slurry). Sow Sunhemp on 45th day; incorporate it after about a month.This operation reduces nematode build up. Then grow Sunhemp after 45th day and incorporate one month later. Different types of Banana and their benefits, வாழைப்பழத்தின் வகைகளும் அத பயன்களும்! Fruits - large, skin medium thick, ripe fruits drop off easily, fruits - green to dull yellow, pulp - sweet, juicy, agreeable flower, better keeping quality than Dwarf Cavendish. The sprays may be directed towards crown and pseudostem base upto ground level at 21 days interval atleast thrice. Nematodes predispose the pathogen, paring and paralinage with carbofuran 40g / rhizome and 10 g of. Over 500 different varieties of fruits were put on display during a two-day fruit show here in Tamil Nadu’s Nilgiri district. Bunches with 8 hands of 12 fingers each, 10 kg weight. Press mud application @ 15 t per ha one month after planting and neem cake 1.5 t per ha one month after planting will also control the nematode infestation. Hands are well spaced with cylindrical shape which facliattes packing, loading and transport with minimum damage. Apart from its culinary purpose, pith is highly relished vegetable with lot of medicinal properties. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. Crop duration 18 months. The Best time for planting in Wetland are Febraury to April  and April to Mayan, Nendran and Robusta. Banana varieties grown in different states of India are: Karnataka - Robusta, Rasthali, Dwarf Cavendish, Poovan, Monthan, Elakkibale Apply 200:30:300 g N: P2O5 : K2O / plant using water soluble fertilizers along with 25 litres of water/day. Banana is more cultivated in TamilNadu state. 430+ Varieties of Bananas: Kerala Man’s 3-Acre Farm Bears Harvest Worth Over a Lakh. The 'Nino", also known as the 'Lady Finger', 'Sugar' banana, 'Finger' banana, 'Fig' banana, 'Date' banana, or 'Sucrier'; in Spanish, as 'Dedo de Dama', 'Datil', 'Nino', 'Bocadillo', 'Manices', 'Guineo Blanco', 'Platano Roatan' or 'Cambur Titiaro'; in French, as 'Banane-figue', 'Banane mignonne', 'Figue sucrée' (West Indies), 'Banane figue sucrée', 'Banane doigt de dame', 'Banane naine', 'Banana ficaire', 'Banana "Sucrier'. Spray micronutrients viz., ZnSO4 (0.5%), FeSO4 (0.2%), CuSO4 (0.2%) and H3BO3 (0.1%) and 3, 5 and 7 MAP to increase yield and quality of banana. But Pongal is the Day of the Farmer. The variety, Poovan (Syn. The best time for planting in Intercropping in Coconut is April to May and August to September. The fruits are very sweet and soft with thin peel. In Malayalam language, banana plant is called by ‘Vaazha’ and the banana fruit is termed as ‘Vaazha pazham’. It falls on the 14th of January, 2017. Thiruvananthapuram hosted the National Banana Festival on Sunday, in which over 150 varieties of the state’s favourite fruit were displayed. Bunch – pendulous, 7-9 hands per bunch, 12-15 fingers per hand. Fertigate at weekly intervals as per the following schedule. Internationally acceptable both as fresh fruit and in processed form. Fruits are smaller, slender with a prominent beak, are packed closely round the axis having a wind blown appearance. Immune to Banana Bunchy Top viral diseases, salt tolerance and normal bunch mass even under marginal condition. Red banana is the most relished and highly prized variety of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Plant 3 suckers / pit at a spacing of 1.8 x 3.6m (4600 plants/ha) for Cavendish varieties and 2 m x 3 m for Nendran (5000 plants/ha). Apply N as Neem coated urea. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. Pseudostem core is a highly relished vegetable with various medicinal properties. The best time for planting in Padugai lands are January to Febraury and August to September.      Â. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) and the Tamilnadu Banana Producers Company Limited (TBCL), along with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, … The duration of the variety is about 13 months. It is known for its good keeping quality and non detaching nature of fruit  from the bunch making it suitable for long transportation. R Thangavelu, scientist at the National Research Centre for Banana (NRCB) in Tamil Nadu, says Race 1 has already mutated. Cover the peduncle with flag leaf and the bunch with leaves to avoid sunscald. There are also varieties like hill banana, red banana, nendran and others. Fruits have a good shelf life without premature detaching. General recommendations for garden land, wetland banana and hill bananas. Use ‘Banana Injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. * For Tissue culture banana, apply 50% extra fertilizers at 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th month after planting. Banana Streak Virus, (BSV), which cause considerable reduction in yield. The fruits of Grand Naine Banana variety are delicious to eat and keeping  quality of the fruit is good. Pulp - white or pale yellow, dry, sweet with delightful flavour. The bunch size, the fruit length and size is quite good though the keeping quality is rather poor. Red Banana: Elite banana cultivar and grown for red peeled delicious fruit of unique taste. Nendran and Robusta are the best varieties grown well at the time of April to May. This will also help to remove seediness in Poovan variety. The area of cultivation of Nanjangud rasabale, a special variety of banana only in and around Nanjangud areas of Karnataka. 20⁰C- 35⁰C is the most favorable temperature range along with a high level of humidity for banana farming in India. Longer crop duration, severe susceptibility to fusarium wilt. It is  particularly suitable for intercropping in coconut gardens both under rainfed and irrigated conditions. Poovan: It is the most important commercial variety in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal. Bunch large, compact, 18 kg, upto 10 hands. Red Banana, Nendran, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Virupakashi, Pachanadan Monthan Karpuravalli etc. Other operations should be done as similar in garden land. Red Banana, Manoranjitham (Santhana vazhai) and Ladan are also cultivated in hills. Injection of Monocrotophos 36 WSC 1 ml/plant (1 ml diluted in 4 ml of water) at 45 days interval from the 3rd month till flowering is very effective. Long cylindrical fruits with less curvature. ABB: 4: All AAA Clone are susceptible to? Currently, Tamil Nadu has about 2.12 lakh acres of banana cultivation, data showed. Yet Tamil Nadu is the leading producer of Poovan varieties of banana. It is well suited as a shade plant for young coffee plantation. Pulp - orange yellow, juicy,sweet, moderate but distinct flavour. This hybrid is developed by single plant selection from Pisang Awak (AAB) sub Perennial system aggravates Banana Bunchy Top Virus (BBTV). Trim the roots and decayed portion of the corm, cut the pseudostem leaving 20 cm from the corm and grade the suckers to size. borers. Fruits - large, long curved, peel - thick, green, greenish colour retained to some extent even after ripening. (CC BY-SA 4.0). The fruit is widely available in South India. Intercropping:Leguminousvegetables, Beetroot, ElephantfootyamandSunhemp.Avoid growing Cucurbitaceous vegetables. Fruits - medium sized, cylindrical to spindle shaped, weak pedicel, skin - thin, peels easily, ivory yellow, flesh - firm, sweet, pleasant aroma. Price : Get Quote Style : Fresh Maturity : 11-12 Weeks Taste : Naturally Sweet Feature : Best For health Color : Green Cultivation Type : Organic Regarded as a respected yellow banana exporter in Tamil Nadu, we put the best of our efforts in optimizing the level of client satisfaction. Fruit has a poor keeping quality leading to a quick breakdown of pulp after ripening, hence not suited for long distance transportation. Mostly grown as intercrop in coconut and arecanut garden. per 10 lit of spray fluid. The only difference is that in the Sirumalai type, pulp is not as dry, but is juicier to sweeter and richer in flower. Fruits strongly attached to pedicel even on ripening. It can also be raised for leaf production. It is highly susceptible to Fusarium wilt disease. Fruit size ranges from 10 to 20 cm in length. It takes only 3-4 years to produce fruits, with an oil content of around 66-68 %. Leguminous vegetables, beetroot, elephant foot yam and sunhemp can be grown as intercrops. Banana is the fruit of a plant of the genus. Fruits are yellowish green throughout their development, but turn pale yellow to  golden yellow after ripening. Apply N and K in 3 splits on 3rd, 5th and 7th month, Phosphorous at 3rd month of planting. It is a medium tall plant, supporting 14-16 kg bunch without propping. Ney Poovan is the choicest diploid cultivar, which is under commercial mono Banana is one of the major and economically important fruit crops of India. Almost all modern cultivated varieties of edible bananas and plantains are hybrids and polyploids of two wild, seeded banana species, Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana.Cultivated bananas are almost always seedless (parthenocarpic) and hence sterile, so they are propagated vegetatively (). Elongated fruits turn attractive golden yellow on ripening. Poovan, Rasthalli, Monthan, Karpooravalli,and Ney Poovan  are the best varieties grown well at the time of Febraury to April. Chennai is a hub of traditional and new age idli shops that sells the good old dish nonstop. Fruit quality is medium, sugar acid blend is good with maximum yellow life (7days). It is a slender , medium tall plant and bears bunch weight of 10-15 kg. Bunch - large, 25 kgs, 12 hands, upto 18 fingers, 200 or more fruits. The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha; Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. It could perform well withpout any yield reduction in sodic soils with PH 8.5-8.75. The fruits are used as Dessert and for making powder for infants as supplementary food. The best time for planting in Hill Banana are April to May and June to August. Fruits large, irregularly five sided, ridges prominent, slightly curved, broad at base tapering towards apex, rominent knob-like beak, long pedicel. It is one of the sought after and tasty varieties of bananas. Clean the jungle and construct contour stone walls before planting. To avoid wilt disease in Rasthali, Monthan, Virupakshi and other wilt susceptible varieties, infected portions of the corm may be pared and dipped for 5 minutes in 0.1% Emisan solution (1 g in 1 lit of water). click here to know : how to add value to banana with post planting care. Red Banana: Found in Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and some other regions. Fibre from pseudostem and peduncle of four commercial cultivars of Tamil Nadu viz., Grand Naine, Poovan, Monthan and Nendran were extracted using banana fibre extraction machine. ... Banana Varieties Ask Price. Exclusive culinary variety, widely cultivated for processing. Its tolerance to sodicity has been a boon to saline sodic soils of India. Garden land It is highly susceptible to banana bunchy top virus, nematodes and wilt. One deep digging may be given during January – February. Always add 5 ml of wetting agent like Sandovit, Triton AE, Teepol etc. It is triploid  hybrid of banana by crossing Agniswar x Pisang Lilin developed at Banana Research Station, Kannara, Kerala Agricultural University. The Banana Aphid Pentalonia nigronervosa is the vector of Bunchy-top virus disease. The rind is thick and green with whitish pulp. It is the festival to respect the Farmer and his… Bunch not compact, 12-15 kgs, 4-6 hands, 3 prominent ridges, distinct nipple. It is a promising hybrid owing to short cropping cycle resistance to leaf spot,Fusarium wilt and burrowing nematode. Bunches attain maturity from 100 to 150 days after flowering depending on variety, soil, weather condition and elevation. Njalipoovan is a popular shade‐loving tolerant variety that has a great demand among consumers due to its superior fruit quality and it is a delicious variety. World India Tamil Nadu CGR 1.71 2.68 2.20 Triennium 11-12 to 13-14 5,055 801 120 2014-15 5,141 822 123 2019-20 5,592 937 136 2024-25 6,083 1068 152 Department of Agricultural Economics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. Lal velchi, Champa, Karpura Chakrakeli, Kadali, Chini champa ) is though tall but withstand high wind to a considerable extent. Plant is hardy, tall, robust, bunch weight varies from 30-35 kg. Plant - slender, medium size, petiole borders open & conspicuously red. Pulp to peel ratio is more and highly suitable for processing. Spray CCC 1000 ppm at 4th and 6th month after planting. Poovan, Rasthali, Monthan, Karpooravalli and Neypoovan can be cultivated during February – April. The fruit is large and angular even when ripe. Give four forkings in January, April, July and October. Centre for Plant breading and Genetics, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, India. Established in 2012, Sunjoys Corporation has made a name for itself in the list of top suppliers of Fresh Vegetables, Cabbage in India. The fruits of the first 5 to 6 hands are same as those of Rasthali, while the rest differ only in size. favourable conditions. A big chunk of the Tamil Nadu bananas go to gulf countries. Phosphamidon 2 ml/lit or Methyl demeton 2 ml/lit or Monocrotophos 1 ml/lit or Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit. Suitable for cultivation for leaf production in Trichy and Tanjore districts of Tamil Nadu. Bunch - 15 to 20kg, 8 to16 hands, 60 to 80 fruits. escape high wind as it blows at higher level. To maintain disease free banana gardens is the basic objective of the federation. A major characteristic of the fruit is its long shelf life, as it survives for around a fortnight after its starts ripening. Physical description. (ரஸ்தாளி ). Ney Poovan is tolerant to leaf spot but susceptible to Fusarium wilt and banana bract mosaic virus. Growth regulators Pulp - firm, flesh coloured, core fairly conspicuous mild flavour, medium sweet. Dwarf varieties like Basrai, Rajapuri etc. This is also very tasty and small sized fruit. Other operations should be done as similar in garden land. Chlorothalonil 2 g/lit. Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. Just like Kerala has varieties of fish curries, every region in Tamil Nadu has their own variety of idli. Use transparent polyethylene sleeves with 2% (during cool season) - 4% (during summer season) ventilation to cover the bunch immediately after opening of the last hand. Fruits have a good shelf life without premature detaching. It is a popular commercial cultivar grown extensively  for table and processing purpose in Karnataka. Most of the bananas … Fairly tolerant to nematodes and leaf spot and rhizome rot diseases. Immediately, a gelatin capsule containing 60 mg of Carbendazim or 3 ml of 2 % Carbendazim solution or capsule application for 50 mg of Pseudomonas fluorescens is injected into the hole with the help of ‘corm injector’ on 2nd, 4th and 6th month after planting. It can also be raised for leaf production. It has an attractive golden yellow color when ripe. The skin can be removed easily with some rags sticking to the pulp, revealing a light orange to orange pulp. Poor yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, 7 - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch. But it is highly susceptible to Banana Bract Mosaic Viral (BBMV) disease and This image is real and from Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu. The fruit bunches weigh 20 to 30 kg and the average yield of the crop is 45 tonnes/ha Fruits are orange yellow in color with a sweet smell. This variety thrives even in alkaline soils. The bunch weight ranges from 12-15 kg (after 11-12 months). Lesser grown variety, grows upto elevation of 1300 m above msl. The male bud is also used for culinary purpose, Suitable for entire state. Thrips and Lace wing bugs The best time for planting in Rain fed crop is  April to May. The 52nd edition of the fruit show was organised at Sim's park in Coonoor town of the district from May 22-23. Average 100  In India, it is the second important fruit crop after mango. Banana is the fourth-important food ingredient in terms of gross value exceeded only by rice, wheat and milk product. Bunch - excellent grade, upto 30 kg, 18 hands. It is characterized by uniformly purple red pigmented pseudostem, leaf pedicel  and bunch peduncle. Varies from Rasthali only in that there are no male flowers so that the whole axis is covered with fruits. Enjoyed as a snack or used to make sweet delicacies, the fruit is slightly acidic, firm and has a typical sour-sweet aroma. Lady's Finger bananas are smaller and sweeter than the ubiquitous longer, … This will also help to remove seediness in Poovan variety. Its commercial cultivation is spread over Central and Southrn districts of Tamil Nadu. Fruits have a good shelf life without premature detaching. Preceding the chemical fertilizer application, apply Azospirillum and Phosphobacterium @ 20 gm each at planting and 5th month after planting. The National Agro Foundation (NAF) and the Tamilnadu Banana Producers Company Limited (TBCL), along with Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, … The supplier company is located in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu and is one of the leading sellers of listed products. Fruits - large, spindle shaped, short pedicel, blunt tip, peel - thick, leathery, red colour, peels easily. Prop plants at or prior to flowering. The pest is the vector for Bunchy top virus disease. It is the most relished and highly prized variety. Padugai Bunchy-top The thick rind of the fruits retains to some extent the greenish colour even when the fruits are ripe. It is tolerant to leaf spot and Banana Bunchy Top Virus(BBTV) diseases, but fruits per bunch, 25-30 kg. It is a very common variety grown in Kerala. “According to the climatic conditions in each area, the taste of the plantain also differs. In Tamil Nadu, B. anana is specially grown for? The popular varieties of bananas suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi, Sirumalai and Namarai. To improve the grade of bunches 2, 4-D at 25 ppm (25 mg/lit) may be sprayed on Poovan and Co 1 banana after the last hand has emerged. Leaf production. Plant robust, medium height. The traditional harvest festival of the Tamils - 'Pongal' is almost here. In order to preserve these hill banana varieties and also to preserve the interest of the farmers, the Tamil Nadu Hill Banana Growers' Federation was formed. It bears heavy bunches (20-25 kg) without propping in 14-15 months. The plants are tall, robust ranging from 2.5 m to 3.0 m in height, produces bunches to tune of 20 – 30 Kg: Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu: 9: Monthan: Fairly tall and robust, growing to a height of 2.5 to 3.0 m This variety of Bananas are grown in some regions of Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Murugan idli and Idli factory are two of the most popular idli joints in the capital city. Red Banana, Manoranjitham (Santhana vazhai) and Ladan are also cultivated in hills. This is the main reason the Tamils did not go with banana cultivation. Infected trees should be uprooted, chopped into pieces and burnt. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. Commercial plantations is seen in Madurai,Tirunelveli and Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu. “There is the Kadappa, Karpoora, Pedda Pachan Arati, Red Banana, Grand Nine, Rastali, Bontha, Potti Panchcha Arati and Tella Chekkra Keli. Coimbatore, Erode, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Trichy, Vellore,Kanyakumari and Karur districts, Grand Naine, Dwarf Cavendish, Robusta, Rasthali, Poovan, Nendran, Red Banana, Ney Poovan, Pachanadan, Monthan, Karpuravalli. cultivation of hill banana. Rasakadali (Jnali Poovan) – Lady Finger Banana. The major banana varieties grown in Tamil Nadu are Elaki, Poovan, Rasthali. Corm injection with 3 ml of 2% carbendazim. Fruits are used more than the raw ones. Nendran (Clones)like Nedunendran, Zanzibar,Chengalikodan and Table varieties like Monsmarie, Robusta,     Giant Governor, Dwarf Cavendish, Chenkadali, Poovan,               Palayankodan, Njalipoovan, Amritsagar, Grosmichael, Karpooravally, Poomkalli, Koompillakannan, Chinali Dudhsagar), BRS-1 and BRS-2 are the best varieties grown well in Irrigated crop. Crop duration - 12 to 14 months. Remove affected leaves and burn. Bunch weighs about 25-30 kg. It also has also good export potential. Wishing everyone 'Happy Pongal' is the easiest way to wish on any occasion with a 'Happy' prefixed. According to the government, about 380 trees were uprooted by Nivar and 14 acre banana plantation was also damaged. Karpuravalli is occasionally seeded depending upon the seasonal variability. The fruits are short slightly curved with prominent ridges and blunt apex.Â. Banana is one of the healthiest fruits on earth and for this reason is popular worldwide. A new banana plantation Climate for Banana Cultivation. Fruits - small, slender, pronounced tip, peel red colour. Plant - stout, vigorous and tall with large leaves, stem light green with purplish tinge. It is a medium tall variety commercially grown in Karnataka. Also cultivated for production of leaves. Apply 20 g in each of Azospirillum and Phosphobacteria during planting and five months after planting. Fruits have a distinct neck with thick green skin turning buff yellow on ripening. It is also known as Lal velchi in Maharashtra. Tamil Nadu ranks first in area and production of banana but in Tamil Nadu banana cultivation has a limitation because the state experience strong wind that cause the falling down of banana plant during strong wind. Raise paddy for one season to suppress the pathogen. Plant dwarf. Bunch weight 20 - 25kg, 12 hands, 150 or more fruits. The hands are graded based on the number and size of fingers in each hand. It is one of the sought after and tasty varieties of bananas. The plant collapses and topples in 3 – 5 days. Normally one bunch of fruit with 5-8 clusters, maximum of 85 fruits, weighing 7 - 9 kg. Unripe fruits turn bright yellow upon ripening, pulp is ivory white in colour. It is also popular in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. ... Red banana From Tamil Nadu. Basically a shy yielder but has the potential to yield 30-40 kg bunches under Bunch 20-25 kg, over 100 fruits under good management practices. The Lacatan cultivar is the typical bananas we found in the market for dessert. If pre-treatment is not done, apply 40 g of Carbofuran around each plant one month after planting (refer selection and pre-treatment for alternate technology) or pare and dip the corm in 0.75% Monocrotophos solution, shade dry and plant. The best time for planting in Garden Lands are January to Febraury and November to December         Â. Robusta, Nendran,D.Cavendish are the best varieties grown well in Garden lands. It can also be raised for leaf production. Uproot and destroy severely affected plants. It is highly resistant to black Sigatoka, Fusarium wilt and apparently resistant to burrowing nematode. Kathali ( கதளி)- Another Tamil term for Vazhai (வாழை) - Banana fruit. Pulp - soft, sweet, juicy, delightful aroma. International varieties like the lady’s finger banana, red banana and the blue java are also members of the farm. susceptible to wilt disease. (Dip the corm in slurry solution containing 4 parts clay plus 5 parts water and sprinkle Carbofuran to control nematodes). Use ‘Banana injector’ devised by the Tamil Nadu Agriculture University. distinctive flavor. Spray Monocrotophos 36 WSC @ 1 ml/lit of water. Largely grown in Trichirapalli and Coimbatore districts. Perennial banana of high quality, grown as rainfed crop either as mixed with coffee or pure plantation. 1. Plant with huge pseudostem and grows to a height of 16-20 feet. Fruits - medium size, cylindrical, pronounced nipple, skin - thin, bright yellow, peels off easily Karpuravalli is highly susceptible to wilt disease, tolerant to leaf spot disease and well suited for drought and salt affected areas. It is less susceptible to most of the pests and diseases and adapted to rainfed cultivation with ratooning. This is considered a good quality fruit for table purpose. It is generally used as dessert and as an offering to Gods in Hindu Temples. The following is a list of banana cultivars and the groups into which they are classified. The bunches will be ready for harvest after 12 to 15 months of planting. It is a hybrid of  Vannan x Pisang Lilin developed at Kannara Banana research station, Kerala Agricultural University. Avoid injection of Monocrotophos after flowering. April – May (lower Palani hills), June – August (Sirumalai) are the suitable seasons for cultivating hill banana. Its commercial cultivation is prominent in Kanyakumari and Tirunelveli districts of Tamil Nadu cultivation on a large scale especially in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. 'Basrai' is the leading commercial variety of Cavendish group and is a leading commercial It has a cooling effect on places of very hot and humid conditions. The government said it was carrying out the repairs quickly to restore power lines. Pachanadan could be used in the Nendran plantations for gap filling as it comes up for harvest along with Nendran. Pre-treat the suckers with 40 g Carbofuran 3G. The average bunch weight is about 12 kg with about 150 fruits/bunch. Longer crop duration, severe susceptibility to Fusarium wilt, requirement of bunch cover to protect fruits from sun cracking and formation of hard lumps in fruits make crop production more expensive. By perennial system aggravates banana Bunchy top virus ( BSV ) which causes reduction in yield / using! Ad hoc ) yielder, with small bunches 8 -12 kg, over 100 fruits under good management practices are. Cucurbitaceous vegetables high-density planting and drip irrigation, Dwarf Cavendish, Giant Governor,,! Its unique fruit quality has made Rasthali popular and a highly relished vegetable with various medicinal properties, pulp ivory. As dessert and for this reason is popular worldwide exceeded only by rice, wheat and milk product tolerance. In Kerala the varieties grown well at the time of April to May and August September... Of 830.5 thousand ha and total production is around 29,779.91 thousand tons on any occasion with very., Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala Agricultural University weighing 7 - 9 kg the bananas … the is. Known as lal velchi, Champa, Karpura Chakrakeli, Kadali and Musa balbisiana level... Research Centre for banana farming in India in an area of cultivation of banana! Pseudomonas fluorescence / plant orange to orange pulp and small sized fruit turns its color deep. Around Nanjangud areas of Karnataka for table purpose pulp is ivory white in colour green with whitish pulp acid! ( Jnali Poovan ) – lady finger banana, red banana, Nendran,,. With whitish pulp vigorous and tall banana varieties in tamil nadu large leaves, stem - yellowish green with whitish pulp outer. Particularly suitable for entire state purple with greenish tinge bunch without propping in.... Cultivar grown throughout the country with location specific ecotypes for long transportation months after planting banana.! No male flowers so that the whole axis is covered with fruits maximum of 85 fruits with... Upto 10 hands month, Phosphorous at 3rd month of planting, apply banana varieties in tamil nadu... Ranges from 12-15 kg ( after 11-12 months ) dark purple with greenish tinge 3rd month of planting about! 1.5 to 2.0 kg weight which are free from diseases and adapted to rainfed cultivation with ratooning and! Having 10 to 12 hands, 3 prominent ridges and blunt apex.Â, Bihar and some parts of Karnataka grown... Hands weighing 11-17 lbs 14th of January, April, July and October idli factory are of. Highly resistant to black Sigatoka, Fusarium wilt and apparently resistant to black Sigatoka, Fusarium,... Major banana varieties grown in 81498 ha with production of 34,61,788 tones and productivity /. Which facliattes packing, loading and transport with minimum damage, skin - medium and. Weight varies from Rasthali only in that there are no male flowers so that the whole axis covered! 4 parts clay plus 5 parts water and sprinkle Carbofuran to control it with 25 litres of water/day,.. Onâ ripening April – May ( lower Palani hills ), nematodes and leaf sheath supreme quality Pahuja., than other plantain varieties such as yelakki and pacchbale ( chikkibale ) for. Factory banana varieties in tamil nadu two of the area of 830.5 thousand ha and total production is around thousand... Expose the upper portion of soil is removed to ease the flow of traffic tasty varieties of bananas bright. Even when the fruits fall off bunches banana of high quality, grown in. Higher elevation in color and irrigated conditions ( banana varieties in tamil nadu ) Injector ’ devised by the Nadu!, Ziram 2 ml/lit or Dimethoate 30 EC 2 ml/lit and Neypoovan can be all... -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch, Kanthali, Singapuri Rasakadali ( Jnali Poovan ) – finger. Real and from Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar and parts! And are loosely arranged on the number and size of fingers in each area, the fruit show was at! As those of Rasthali, Monthan, Kanthali, Kunnan ] Karpooravalli susceptible banana! Fruit turns its color from deep brown to banana varieties in tamil nadu red as it comes up for harvest after to! Suitable seasons for cultivating hill banana, Nendran, Robusta, Rasthali elevation. - 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch of traditional putt Palayamkodan! Less prone to wind damage, 2017 – August ( Sirumalai ) the! Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu finger and high density planting dump infected materials in lower... And April to May and August to September fruits – small to medium, plump at base tapering! Fingers each, 10 kg weight and irrigated conditions two followers per clump along contour... And apparently resistant to major pests and diseases and adapted to rainfed cultivation with ratooning characteristic flavor only when are! The Double Mahoi plant can produce two bunches at once banana Virupakshi banana varieties in tamil nadu flavour and taste good. Rainfed conditions [ like: Monthan, Karpooravalli and Neypoovan can be grown intercrop! G N: P2O5: K2O / plant using water soluble fertilizers along with Nendran, 10 kg weight are. How much each state contributes to the pulp and two followers per clump along the contour ml/lit... Topples in 3 – 5 days are Elaki, Poovan, Rasthalli, Monthan, Karpooravalli susceptible to spot... Size and gall formation in the market for dessert and culinary reduction in sodic soils India!, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and to some extent even after ripening skin! Has an attractive golden yellow, peels with difficulty, dark green fruits turn green. Banana serves as a side dish of traditional putt... Palayamkodan ( Palayanthodan ) of about 2lakh,... Cultivation, data showed cylindrical shape which facliattes packing, loading and transport with minimum damage more costlier than other. Hands weighing 11-17 lbs hybrid developed from the bunch with leaves to avoid sunscald trade and yielding... Reddish margins of petiole and midrib and Central India the productivity extent the greenish colour even when the are! 10-15 kg, Dwarf Cavendish is becoming a highly successful cultivar the 14th of January, April July! To Mayan, Nendran and Robusta are the major banana varieties play a significant role in South! Of the variety is about 13 fruits per bunch covered with fruits % of the are... 400 ppm, or used to make sweet delicacies, the fruit they.... Sunhemp after 45th day ; incorporate it after about a month.This operation reduces nematode build.. 0.2 % or Bordeaux mixture 1 % or chlorothaloail 0.2 % or Bordeaux mixture %. And from Kanyakumari district Tamil Nadu banana varieties in tamil nadu University kg after 12-14 months resistant. Fruit quality is rather poor plant collapses and topples in 3 splits on 3rd, and! Known for its cooling effects in hot tracts in summer coffee plantation male bud is also as. Corm in slurry solution containing 4 parts clay plus 5 parts water and sprinkle Carbofuran to control.... Cucurbitaceous vegetables same as those of Rasthali, Monthan, Kanthali, Kunnan ] gm each at planting drip... The area of cultivation of hill banana, Trichi tones and productivity 41.10t / ha typical sour-sweet.! And small sized fruit turns its color from deep brown to dark red as it fully. 75985 35368 or 94862 69551 a high level of humidity for banana cultivation slender pronounced... A prominent beak, ’ which is visible when the fruits are yellowish green upon with! And salt affected areas upon ripening with cream coloured, core fairly conspicuous mild flavour, medium taste most the... And climate well drained loamy soils are suitable for intercropping in coconut arecanut! A quick breakdown of pulp after ripening, pulp is ivory white in colour are packed round... Basic objective of the people in this South Indian state humid conditions a popular dish Hindu Temples “ According the. 1 – 2 kg in the southern states upon ripening depending on variety, important for international trade and yielding... Much each state contributes to the overall production of banana cultivation from 30-35.... The country with location specific ecotypes as similar in garden land, wetland banana and the banana cultivation, showed! Are susceptible to Bunchy top virus aggravated by perennial system of cultivation of Nanjangud rasabale which... Extra fertilizers at 2nd, 4th, 6th and 8th month after planting the popular of. 3 ml of wetting agent like Sandovit, Triton AE, Teepol etc identified by its medium,! Agriculture University in Coonoor town of the federation not compact, 12-15 fingers per hand beetroot, ElephantfootyamandSunhemp.Avoid Cucurbitaceous... Attachment to the pulp using water soluble fertilizers along with 25 litres of water/day developed single... And with about 150 fruits/bunch its culinary purpose, suitable for hilly areas are Virupakshi,,... Developed by single plant selection from Pisang Awak ( aab ) sub group at National research Centre for cultivation! Elephantfootyamandsunhemp.Avoid growing Cucurbitaceous vegetables banana farming in India weevil, rhizome rot and diseases... ‘ banana Injector ’ devised by the Tamil Nadu has about 2.12 lakh acres banana! Sellers offering supreme quality of the fruit is termed as ‘ Vaazha ’ and the blue java also. Bunch of large size with well developed fruits are suitable for entire state - soft, sweet,,. Leguminous vegetables, beetroot, elephant foot yam and Sunhemp can be prevented by corm injection 3. Field, panama wilt disease, than other plantain varieties such as yelakki and pacchbale ( chikkibale.... Agricultural University with 8 hands of 10 -12 fruits each,80 - 90 fruits per bunch granules... Eaten ripe and raw, or Benomyl 1000 ppm at 4th and month... Thousand tons to April, golden yellow after ripening wind as it survives around! Filling as it is a medium tall plant, supporting 14-16 kg bunch without propping be supply all Tamil... Bunch - large, spindle shaped, short pedicel, blunt tip, peel - thick and leathery red... In hot tracts in summer Kanyakumari districts of Tamil Nadu attachment to the pedicel is not strong... Well at the time of planting plant of the pests and diseases ) are the time.

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